The greatest to the existence of mankind on the earth is not aliens but obesity. The in house problem that has affected millions of people since history has faced a rapid growth in the past few years. Increased BMI is a proof that a person is obese.
Increased Body Mass Index brings along a lot of non-communicable diseases like-
Cardio Vascular Disorders (chiefly stroke and heart diseases). Heart diseases took a lot of lives in the year 2012.
Osteoarthritis and other musculoskeletal diseases are highly disabling degenerative diseases of the joints.
Many cancers like, cancer of breasts, ovaries, prostate, endometrium, gallbladder, kidney, liver, and colon.
The risks of all the non-communicable disorders increase with the increase in the Body Mass Index of a person.
Obesity in children increases the risk of adult obesity, disability in future and premature death. Apart from the fatal diseases that the children suffering from obesity may suffer from later, there are many more health disorders that hinder the normal growth and development of obese child like increased risk of breaking bones and fracture, respiratory disorders and breathing problems, hypertension, resistance towards insulin, beginning of cardiovascular disorders.
Obesity in Underdeveloped and Developing Countries:
The people living in developing or underdeveloped countries are facing a double burden of health issues. The low or middle-income places in the world are in a terrible condition. Not only are communicable diseases spreading drastically in these countries but diseases due to malnutrition and poor diet are also degrading the condition of such places. In the past few years, Obesity, overweight, and many other non-communicable diseases have also taken a lot of lives in these countries. Malnutrition and obese people are not uncommon in the same place now. These diseases and problems have started co- existing and destroy the masses.
Pre-natal, infant and child malnutrition is very common in low earning people and communities. Children are more prone to such diseases in poor countries since they are exposed to high- sugar, high- fat, high- salt, energy- deficient and micro- nutrient poor quality foods. These types of foods are cheaper than the normal food but are very low in nutrients and minerals. The ratio between the diet and physical work is drastic, which results in a rise in childhood obesity.
Obesity in Adults:
Obesity is adults can lead to a rise in the triglyceride levels and blood cholesterol. The good HSL cholesterol is also decreased. HDL cholesterol is related to lowering the risk of heart diseases, heart attacks, and strokes. Therefore, lower the HDL cholesterol, greater the risk of heart diseases and attacks. Obesity also increases the Blood Pressure of the sufferer. Diabetes is a major side effect of obesity. Diabetes is, in itself, a dangerous disease and it also increases the risk of other diseases like heart disorders. Heart attacks are very common among people who are suffering from Diabetes.
Obesity among Different Age Groups and Races in America:
The highest number of obese adults is found in the Non- Hispanic Blacks (48.2%). It is followed by Hispanics with (42.5%). The Non- Hispanic whites come next (34.5%) followed by Non- Hispanic Asians (11.7%).
The rate of obesity is highest in middle age adult people, between 40 to 59 years (40.1%). The older adults of age 60 years and above come next with (37%). The people aged 20 to 39 years are the younger adults. They are at (32.2%) risk of obesity.
Although Obesity is more prominent and effective in some and less in others but it does not mean that obesity is an incurable problem. Some will have to work harder than others to become fit but good food, proper workout and physical activities, better lifestyle and medicines can bring great changes in the person's life and help him in regaining his normal self.